Niepce de St Victor, Claude Félix Abel

[br]
b. 1805 Saint-Cyr, France
d. 1870 France
[br]
French soldier and photographic scientist, inventor of the first practicable glass negative process.
[br]
A cousin of the photographic pioneer J.N. Niepce, he attended the military school of Saumur, graduating in 1827. Niepce de St Victor had wide scientific interests, but came to photography indirectly from experiments he made on fading dyes in military uniforms. He was transferred to the Paris Municipal Guard in 1845 and was able to set up a chemical laboratory to conduct research. From photographic experiments performed in his spare time, Niepce de St Victor devised the first practicable photographic process on glass in 1847. Using albumen derived from the white of eggs as a carrier for silver iodide, he prepared finely detailed negatives which produced positive prints far sharper than those made with the paper negatives of Talbot's calotype process. Exposure times were rather long, however, and the albumen-negative process was soon displaced by the wet-collodion process introduced in 1851, although albumen positives on glass continued to be used for high-quality stereoscopic views and lantern slides. In 1851 Niepce de St Victor described a photographic colour process, and between 1853 and 1855 he developed his famous cousin's bitumen process into a practicable means of producing photographically derived printing plates. He then went on to investigate the use of uranium salts in photography. He presented twenty-six papers to the Académie des Sciences between 1847 and 1862.
[br]
Bibliography
1847, Comptes Rendus 25(25 October):586 (describes his albumen-on-glass process).
Further Reading
J.M.Eder, 1945, History of Photography, trans. E.Epstean, New York (provides details of his contributions to photography).
JW

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • St Victor, Claude Félix Abel Niepce de — See: Niepce de St Victor, Claude Félix Abel …   Biographical history of technology

  • Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor. Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor (* 26. Juli 1805 in Saint Cyr bei Chalon sur Saône; † 7. April 1870 in Paris; Schreibvarianten: Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor oder Saint Victor; C …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor — Nacimiento 26 de julio de 1805   …   Wikipedia Español

  • Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor (* 26. Juli 1805 in Saint Cyr bei Chalon sur Saône; † 7. April 1870 in Paris; Schreibvarianten: Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor oder Saint Victor; Claude Marie Francois Niepce de Saint Victor) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Félix Abel Niepce de Saint-Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor (* 26. Juli 1805 in Saint Cyr bei Chalon sur Saône; † 7. April 1870 in Paris; Schreibvarianten: Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor oder Saint Victor; Claude Marie Francois Niepce de Saint Victor) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Felix Abel Niepce de Saint-Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor Né le 26 juillet 1805 à Saint Cyr (Saône et Loire) et mort à Paris le 7 avril 1870, Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor, fils d un cousin germain de Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor, né le 26 juillet 1805 à Saint Cyr (Saône et Loire) et mort le 7 avril 1870 à Paris, est un physicien et chimiste français. Fils d un cousin germain de Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, il a mis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abel Niépce de St. Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor (* 26. Juli 1805 in Saint Cyr bei Chalon sur Saône; † 7. April 1870 in Paris; Schreibvarianten: Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor oder Saint Victor; Claude Marie Francois Niepce de Saint Victor) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Marie Francois Niepce de Saint-Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor (* 26. Juli 1805 in Saint Cyr bei Chalon sur Saône; † 7. April 1870 in Paris; Schreibvarianten: Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor oder Saint Victor; Claude Marie Francois Niepce de Saint Victor) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Niepce de Saint-Victor — Claude Félix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor (* 26. Juli 1805 in Saint Cyr bei Chalon sur Saône; † 7. April 1870 in Paris; Schreibvarianten: Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint Victor oder Saint Victor; Claude Marie Francois Niepce de Saint Victor) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.